In her review of Crawford’s book, Gergen suggests that the “differences between the ways men and women talk suggest that we might as well have come from different planets

Running head: TITLE OF PAPER 1 Title of paper Student’s Name Columbia Southern University TITLE OF PAPER 2 Annotated Bibliography Armstrong, C. (1996). Deborah Tannen comes to class: Implications of gender and conversation in the classroom. English Journal, 85(2), 15. In a conversation with a male student, Armstrong thought she was being helpful and supportive when she nodded vigorously and punctuated his words with yes. The male thought she was rude and intrusive. Concerned at the failure of the conversation, Armstrong read Deborah Tanner’s You Just Don’t Understand, which helped Armstrong understand the ways men and women interrupt each other. Men see interruptions as conversational bullying. Women see them as cooperative overlapping. What Armstrong thought was support and involvement the male student saw as manipulation. This article relates to the chosen topic because it sheds light on gender differences in the classroom, which supports the stated thesis. Gergen, M. (2001). Talking difference: On gender and language. Archives of Sexual Behavior 30(3), 338-341. Retrieved from InfoTrac database. In her review of Crawford’s book, Gergen suggests that the “differences between the ways men and women talk suggest that we might as well have come from different planets” (Gergen, 2001, p. 45). Today, some view it as necessary to take a quick course in conversational translations. Gergen says Crawford made in-depth inquiries into issues of how conversation affects relations, power, and discrimination. This article adds to the chosen topic because it again highlights the difference in conversation between genders.

Discuss any conservation issues with your species, especially if it is threatened or endangered. Is anything being done to save the species? If so, what?

Instructions

Plants are among the most vital of organisms on Earth, providing food and habitat for many organisms. Also, through the process of photosynthesis, plants use carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas involved in global warming, while producing needed oxygen.

Choose one species of plant in the Kingdom Plantae to research and write an in-depth profile about. You may wish to choose a species that you see every day. Your inspiration could come from a plant in your garden or from the produce section of your local supermarket. With at least 30,000 plant species on Earth, there is virtually no limit on the pool of species you may choose from! Please do be aware that the amount of information may be prodigious for some species and scant for others, so choose your plant species wisely.

This assignment will help you to organize the sources you will use in the Unit VI Research Paper. An annotated bibliography consists of two parts: the reference citation in APA format, followed by the summary for that reference.

Create an annotated bibliography following the structure given in the example:

  • Please view the annotated bibliography example Below
  • Find four to six current sources (published within the last five years).
  • Note that the reference citations should be organized in alphabetical order.
  • Summaries should not include opinions; rather, summaries should contain a short synopsis of the article, and no direct quotes should be present. End your summary with one or two sentences on why that source was selected and how it is of value to your research topic. Each summary should be at least 50 words in length.

Your sources should address the following topics, which will be included in the Unit VI Research Paper:

  • Provide a description of the species you selected including kingdom, scientific name, common names/names, related species and any other taxonomic information you find relevant.
  • Discuss what compelled you to choose this particular species to profile. Why is it of interest to you?
  • Describe the geographic range or distribution of the species. Where specifically does it live? Is it widespread or restricted in range?
  • Describe the ecology and life history of the species. Is your species a predator or herbivore? What does it feed on? How does it reproduce?
  • Discuss any conservation issues with your species, especially if it is threatened or endangered. Is anything being done to save the species? If so, what?

Your final annotated bibliography should be a minimum of two pages in length. You must use at least two articles from any of the CSU Online Library databases to create your annotated bibliography. The remaining two to four sources may include the textbook and credible websites other than Wikipedia.

You will just be creating and submitting an annotated bibliography.

This is where you will submit your three-page endangered species paper. You’re welcome to choose any endangered species you are interested in from a fungus to a large mammal.

Hello class! This is where you will submit your three-page endangered species paper. You’re welcome to choose any endangered species you are interested in from a fungus to a large mammal. Please make sure to cite all of your references. You can also choose to email me this paper as many of you have already done. Endangered Species paper. Write an informative 3 page paper (FULL THREE PAGES), with a fourth page of references that you used to write the paper (references in APA format please).

Explain how you concluded which one it is (some factors may not be obviously one or the other, but the explanation should indicate an understanding of the concepts).

Provide citation(s) to climate models that you used to answer this question. ISB 202 Assessment 3 Instructions Bierema, Spring 2020 b. Explain why you selected these climate models, such as who created the model and how you accessed the model. c. How will your species be impacted by these changes in climate? i. Include at least one citation (specific to your species or the particular habitat) for this question that supports your prediction. Do not forget to include in-text citations in your answers. 9. Create a model that explains how variations in greenhouse gas concentration result in changes in climate and how your species survival plan will impact greenhouse gas concentration. The model should address the following questions: a. How does greenhouse gas concentration influence climate? b. Which type(s) of photons (light and/or infrared/heat photons) play a role in this cause and effect relationship? c. How does an increase in carbon dioxide cause an increase in temperature? d. How will the survival plan (from question #2) influence greenhouse gas concentration? (e.g., are there things necessary in the plan that will require fossil fuels?) Population Growth 10. Consider how the number of individuals changed over time before extinction. Was the number stable until a sudden event caused it to crash? Was it a gradual reduction in size? Was it similar across all populations- or at least our knowledge of it was generalized to all populations? a. Create a population (or species) growth curve for your candidate species- create more than one if there was more than one way that the populations changed over time (e.g., maybe some crashed suddenly while others gradually declined or maybe some have crashed and a few populations still remain). b. The curve does not need exact sizes or years- we often do not have that data anyway- just provide general information- thousands, hundreds, tens…1700’s, 1800’s, recently…? Make sure to label the X- and Y-axes. c. If your species is not yet extinct, it is okay to indicate that in the growth curve. d. Make sure to note if the number of individuals refers to specific populations or the species overall. 11. Describe how the numerical value of the carrying capacity changed over time and why it changed. 12. What caused the collapse of the species? Name at least a couple issues (do not just state “humans”) and label these as density-independent or dependent. Explain how you concluded which one it is (some factors may not be obviously one or the other, but the explanation should indicate an understanding of the concepts). 13. Include at least one reference, including in-text citations. Assessment 3 Instructions ISB 202 Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (75%) Q1: Biodiversit y 3 points Multiple, specific benefits and threats are described. 2.25 points A couple specific benefits and/or threats are described. Q2: Survival plan 5 points The plan is creative and plausible for the given species. Q3 & Q4: Species interaction model 10 points At least 6 biologically plausible, labeled interactions and at least three different types of interactions are labeled in the model. Interactions include brief explanations, when needed. +//N impacts are included. A citation is included. Q5: Community Prediction 4 points Prediction is specific to the species and is supported by the model. It incorporates multiple species. 3.75 points The plan is plausible for the given species but is briefly described (one to two sentences).

Draw a pathway through the carbon cycle that an atom of carbon might take from your species to another species in its potential ecosystem (it’s fine if part of it is in another ecosystem as long as it is plausible).

Conservation Did you read the instructions above? 1. Reflect on the benefits and threats to biodiversity. Predict which of these relate to your candidate species if it was reintroduced to an ecosystem (consider either how these benefits and threats impact your species or how the reintroduction causes some of these benefits and threats). Incorporate multiple examples. Include at least one citation (for your species or a closely related species) that supports your prediction. Do not forget to include in-text citations in your answer. 2. The candidate species will initially be created in a laboratory setting and then likely will be in a captive breeding program before it is released into a natural ecosystem. Create a species survival plan for your candidate that will prepare it for re-introduction and maintain the species in a natural environment after it is reintroduced. In your description, include why it is a plausible plan for your species. Answer in 3-5 sentences. ISB 202 Assessment 3 Instructions Bierema, Spring 2020 Part 2: Species Interactions 3. Create a species interaction model for the community that may be used for your candidate species’ reintroduction. Include at least 6 species, in addition to your candidate species. Follow these instructions: a. Create at least three examples of interactions that include your candidate species and one other species. b. Then create three additional examples of interactions that do not include your candidate species. c. Across the six total interactions, use at least three different types of interactions. d. Label each interaction (or create a key) with the type of interaction: competition, mutualism, commensalism, or consumption (predation and parasitism are considered as different types of interactions if labeled as such). e. Include a brief description for each interaction (incomplete sentences are acceptable). Exception: there is no need to include a further description for predator/prey relationships. f. Label the ends of each interaction line with +/-/N (positive, negative, or neutral) to describe how each species is impacted by the interaction. 4. Include at least one citation that supports your model. This citation can be for the ecological community and not your specific species. 5. Using the model, predict how the reintroduction of your species will impact the overall community (e.g., will some species be positively impacted by having another prey item while others will be negatively impacted by predation or competition?). Provide specific examples, based on the model. Carbon & Climate Change 6. Your candidate species contains carbon. Draw a pathway through the carbon cycle that an atom of carbon might take from your species to another species in its potential ecosystem (it’s fine if part of it is in another ecosystem as long as it is plausible). Follow these instructions. a. Include the processes, all four spheres, and things (such as organisms) in your diagram. i. Name each sphere. ii. Add the “things” within parentheses. iii. Add arrows to indicate processes and label each arrow with the process iv. Number the order of the processes b. Feel free to include a description with your model. c. Your model must make biological sense for the ecosystem. d. Note that this is not just a replicate of the carbon model we made in class; it is a specific pathway and will not include every process from the original model.

This assessment applies concepts from class to the students’ candidate species. Its impact on the ecosystem is one of the main considerations for determining if it a good species for deextinction (for the final project, also consider the stakeholders described for assessment

ISB 202 Assessment 3 Instructions Bierema, Spring 2020 Purpose This assessment applies concepts from class to the students’ candidate species. Its impact on the ecosystem is one of the main considerations for determining if it a good species for deextinction (for the final project, also consider the stakeholders described for assessment 2). The questions are phrased to consider what would happen if the species is re-introduced. After this consideration, then students can determine if it is a good or poor candidate- this is done in the final infographic project. Instructions 1. Download the “Assessment 3 Worksheet.” Begin working on the worksheet after reading through this document. 2. There are a few visual models that students will create for this assessment. Feel free to either hand-draw them neatly and take a photograph or create them using a program, such as Microsoft PowerPoint® and then save the slide as an image. Paste the images into the worksheet. 3. Citations must follow the guidelines in the “course materials” D2L content folder: “Literature Citation Requirements.” 4. If your species is not yet extinct, approach the questions below as if it is already extinct (except for the last part on population growth). 5. Feel free to use your notes while working on this assessment. 6. Point values are provided in the rubric. 7. Students can discuss with each other only their research approach. Do not send drafts of this assessment to each other or copy answers. Once this document is submitted to the corresponding D2L assignment folder, it is automatically uploaded to Turnitin and checked for plagiarism, including copying websites, the video, or your peers. a. Turnitin produces a similarity score and we use that score to indicate which ones to check further for plagiarism b. There is not a set similarity percentage that indicates plagiarism. The similarity will depend on the length of the answers and if the questions are restated in those answers. 8. Save the document as a Microsoft Word® document. If you do not have Microsoft Word®, then please see the “Start Here” folder in D2L for information on how to obtain a free copy of it from MSU. 9. Submit the Word document to the Assignment folder titled “Assessment 3.

Evaluate your sources, consider their strengths and weaknesses, compare and contrast the results of the studies, and discuss the strength of the evidence.

Building on smaller assignments including paper summaries, you will choose a topic in the field of

developmental physiology to conduct a literature search and summarize the state of the field. A list of broad 10

topics is provided below for you to choose from. You are free to explore particular aspects within each of the

ten topics or explore a different topic that may not fall into one of the 10 categories. This will give you the

opportunity to research in detail an area of developmental physiology that is of most interest to you.

Topic: The effect of microbiome on development

What is literature review? Summarize and synthesize your literature review sources. Identify the main points in a concise manner for your readers. Evaluate your sources, consider their strengths and weaknesses, compare and contrast the results of the studies, and discuss the strength of the evidence. Look for gaps in the existing research.

you do not need to include an abstract for your literature review, just write it essay style, with an opening paragraph, body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph (you are welcome to use headings throughout if you wish, but this is not necessary).

you will choose a topic in the field of developmental physiology to conduct a literature search and summarize the state of the field.

BIOL 404 Developmental Physiology Literature Review Guidelines & Grading Building on smaller assignments including paper summaries, you will choose a topic in the field of developmental physiology to conduct a literature search and summarize the state of the field. A list of broad 10 topics is provided below for you to choose from. You are free to explore particular aspects within each of the ten topics or explore a different topic that may not fall into one of the 10 categories. This will give you the opportunity to research in detail an area of developmental physiology that is of most interest to you. However, you should check that your topic is appropriate with Dr. Mueller before proceeding. Ten topics: 1. Timing of developmental events (the developmental trajectory, heterokairy, heterochrony) 2. Critical windows of plasticity or susceptibility 3. Epigenetics and transgenerational effects 4. Developmental symbioses 5. Development and its role in evolution 5. Metabolism/respiration/gas exchange during development 6. Cardiovascular system morphology and function during development 7. Temperature as a factor influencing development 8. Other natural environmental factors influencing development 9. Ecotoxicology 10. Diseases of Development Due date: Sunday, April 19th at midnight – uploaded through Turnitin Assignment on Cougar Courses Length: ~1200 words (~3.5 – 4 pages, 12 pt font, double spaced) not including references Should include a minimum of 6 primary peer-reviewed references (formatted consistently, based on a physiology journal e.g Journal of Experimental Biology) Example of citation in Journal of Experimental Biology reference style: Mueller, C. A., Joss, J. M. P. and Seymour, R. S. (2011). The energy cost of embryonic development in fishes and amphibians, with emphasis on new data from the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri. J. Comp. Physiol. B 181, 43-52. Grade: (total 80 pts, 20% of total lecture course grade) Content (36 pts): Is a descriptive title included (2) Is the chosen topic well-defined? (8) Is the review up to date and does it provide a current synthesis of the field? (10) Have you provided evidence of your understanding of the topic? (8) Are future directions for the field suggested? (8) Writing style (32) Is the grammar correct? (8) Is it written in the style of a review (6) Is it well organized and have good flow? (8) Is it interesting to read? Does it highlight unique/interesting aspects of field under review? (6) Is it the proper length? (4) Referencing and citations (12) Are at least 6 primary peer-reviewed references included? (6) Are the references relevant? (4) Are the references formatted correctly and presented consistently?

Explain social distancing; discuss the pros and cons and state your conclusion as to how effective you think it will be as a response to this outbreak.

Written Homework Assignment: COVID-19 – cause, spread and societal response. Format (Important) : Do Not include a heading to your paper. I will know that it is your paper because you are submitting it online. The paper needs to be single spaced in 12 point font, four paragraphs – 1 page (You may go over a little, but please be concise and try not to submit more than 1.5 pages) and saved and submitted in a docx, .doc or .pdf format. Globally, lives are being altered with the current pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (coronavirus). For this assignment, you need to research the following and write a paragraph summary for each of the following areas: Paragraph 1: Different types of viruses and the specifics of SARS-CoV-2. Paragraph 2: Origin and infectivity and lethality of SARS-CoV-2. Paragraph 3: Development of a vaccine targeting this pathogen and medical responses for individuals suffering from COVID-19 Paragraph 4: Explain social distancing; discuss the pros and cons and state your conclusion as to how effective you think it will be as a response to this outbreak. Suggested starting points for your research: www.scientificamerican.com www.cdc.org https://www.nytimes.com/section/science https://www.nytimes.com/section/health You are not limited to these suggestions, but you are limited to using sources that are trustworthy ones. Blogs will not be accepted. At the end of your assignment paper, you must document your sources by giving the web address for every article that you used. At least two sources are expected. The web address must be specific for the page(s) from where your information came. (For example you can’t use www.cdc.org when you went to a specific page within that organization. You should not use any quotations. All information should be in your own wording. Grading Rubric for this homework assignment: A. 3 pts Paragraph 1 – detailed work 3pts; lack of details 1-2 pts B. 3 pts Paragraph 2 – detailed work 3 pts; lack of details 1- 2pts C. 6 pts Paragraph 3 – Vaccines details 3 pts lack of details 1-2 pts Responses details 3 pts lack of details 1-2 pts D. 4 pts – Option A: Position clearly stated 2pts; lack of details 0-1 pts; Explanation clearly stated 2 pts; lack of details 0-1pts Option B: Explanation clearly stated 2 pts; lack of details 0-1pts Pros and Cons listed and conclusion given. 2pts; lack of details 0-1pts E. 2 pts – More than one source given – 2pts; only 1 source given -1pt; no sources given 0 pts If there is significant overlap in wording between your paper and any others (published or unpublished), you will receive 0 pts for the assignment.

Development of a vaccine targeting this pathogen and medical responses for individuals suffering from COVID-19

Globally, lives are being altered with the current pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (coronavirus). For this assignment, you need to research the following and write a paragraph summary for each of the following areas:

Paragraph 1: Different types of viruses and the specifics of SARS-CoV-2.

Paragraph 2: Origin and infectivity and lethality of SARS-CoV-2.

Paragraph 3: Development of a vaccine targeting this pathogen and medical responses for individuals suffering from COVID-19

Paragraph 4: Explain social distancing; discuss the pros and cons and state your conclusion as to how effective you think it will be as a response to this outbreak