Do you believe our current systems and country given it racial & political climate fosters the opportunity for restorative justice?

I’m studying for my Political Science class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Hello this is a Discussion and a reply. The discussion should be about 500-600 words long and the reply to another student should be around 300-350 words. You have to include the two books I will provide and look for one other source to answer the questions. I will give you to samples of other students and you can so create an idea of how to do it and also the reply is going to be just to one of those students. Let me know if you pick student one or two for the reply. For the first question in the discussion you can use charter schools and people in prison as an example because I myself was a charter school student. And yes I believe that it can change and become restorative justice if we try. The rest you can write from the readings I will provide and from the source and your own thoughts tell me what you will say before doing it right away. I do not need an outline page you do not need to spend time on that. PLEASE use APA format. and be respectful in the reply to the other student. I provided first the discussion assignment second I provided the reply assignment than I told you which chapters to read and included the books in the drop box and at the end I gave you the two students discussions. I think it is clear if not let me know if you have any questions.

DISCUSSION: Where do you see restorative justice in general playing out currently, schools, prison, family? Do you believe our current systems and country given it racial & political climate fosters the opportunity for restorative justice? Identify the dominant and alternative discourses that support the school to prison pipeline. Define restorative practices in your own words (based on your experiences, the restorative video posted, lectures, and readings for this week). How could restorative elements shift the dominant discourse? Describe the distinctions between restorative and retributive systems. Also be sure to reference the resources from this month as well as identify at least one outside restorative reference (website, book, article) to support your response. (min. 500 words)

REPLY: In approximately 300 words respond to another person in your group about their planned circle. What did you learn by reading about their circle? What did you find yourself agreeing with and disagreeing with about their plan? Do you have any other suggestions for them to add to their circle based on the purpose they set.

SOURCES read those to be able to answer the question

Marian Liebman please read chapter 1& 2

Braithwaite please read chapter 1

STUDENT 1

Where do you see restorative justice in general playing out currently, schools, prison, family?

During the recent surge in protest in support of the Black lives matter movement and the movement to end police brutality, I’ve witnessed dedicated global action right down to the members of my community in an attempt to right some of the various the wrongs committed against the black and brown communities all over the world.

I live in La Mesa and attended a protest at the police station this summer in which police employed tear gas on us. People of all races suffered under the effects of the tear gas but the images that resonated with me most were those of white people in severe pain flushing the gas out of their eyes. Some would say they have more to lose than to gain in this process, yet they chose to stand in solidarity with us that day. One of the aims of restorative justice is to encourage offenders to acknowledge the harm they have caused and present them with an opportunity for reparations (Liebmann, 2007). A sense of acknowledgment of harm and intent to right those wrongs was extremely salient to me throughout the crowd that day, and it was a very humbling event to be apart of.

Do you believe our current systems and country given it racial & political climate fosters the opportunity for restorative justice?

Yes, I do. A large section of Americans are demonstrating that they want things to change. Equality for our citizens has become a top priority and is being fought for through political activism. I believe now is the perfect time for a widespread discourse about restorative justice and how it can change the landscape of our prisons and black and brown neighborhoods. The current system is not only ineffective but it has also decimated our black and brown neighborhoods and families. I believe the reason we see so much activism across the board at this time is that people are truly realizing the pervasive and insidious nature of our current system and I believe people are more than open to a new system right now.

Identify the dominant and alternative discourses that support the school to prison pipeline.

The school to prison pipeline, like our justice system, engages highly punitive standards operating under the pretense of curbing escalating levels of violence in schools. But this narrative leaves much to be desired. There’s no detention or counseling for troubled students, or even just students having a bad day. Punishment is automatic (Mualimm- ak, 2014). Schools are being created to look more than prisons than schools, and once students have completed or left the school system, students in underfunded/ disadvantaged neighborhoods are more likely to find themselves in jail than college. Three out of four African American males experience some form of criminal justice supervision (Wood,2014). The cost of meeting the bottom line for the benefactors who support for-profit prisons means that the majority of our black and brown boys will be institutionalized and used as a source of cheap labor.

Define restorative practices in your own words (based on your experiences, the restorative video posted, lectures, and readings for this week).

Restorative justice practices seek to restore and rebuild victims, offenders, and communities. Restorative practices center around bringing the victim and offender together to experience a shared learning experience about how the crime has affected the victim as well as what antecedents positioned the offender to commit the crime. Restorative practices also focus heavily on providing supplemental resources outside of the meetings to assist both parties in recovery from this event and to help ensure that a repeat of said crime does not take place.

How could restorative elements shift the dominant discourse?

One of the main goals of restorative justice’s to produce empathy and remorse between victim and offender. In our current system, creating those feeling is often an afterthought. Even in cases when it is produced it often has little significance to the outcome of the trial.

Restorative justice seeks to make remorse and empathy meaningful experiences. It seeks to disrupt our current understanding of crime and punishment and interject an alternate position; crime and remorse.

Describe the distinctions between restorative and retributive systems.

In retributive systems, the onus is placed loosely on the correction of the offender and largely on the punishment of the offender. Removal of the offender from society or placing them under a different status during said “correctional” period are key points of this method of addressing crime. In restorative justice techniques, the emphasis is placed on healing and returning to the highest degree possible what the victim has lost as a result of the crime as well providing what was initially was lacking in the offender’s life which lead to the perpetration of the crime. Although oftentimes playing out in the background, punishment is notably absent from the tenants of restorative justice.